The doors of Pixar are thrown open in the book Creativity, Inc.: Overcoming the Unseen Forces That Stand in the Way of True Inspiration. Welcoming us is self-effacing Pixar co-founder Ed Catmull who provides a captivating guided tour. He tells the tale of Pixar from its inception. Catmull's purpose is not only to tell, but to teach. He said that as he saw many smart, creative companies go off the rails, he wondered what causes a dangerous disconnect at many creative companies? And how do you build a successful company and sustainable creative culture which will outlast its leaders?
“Just might be the best business book ever written.”—Forbes
Book notes by CPGrey
The Big Idea
Creativity isn't a magic process, there are concrete, repeatable steps that will produce more and better ideas. Catmull, the current president of Pixar and a former computer engineer, takes a systems approach to increasing the quality of the creativity of the people working for him and showcases the way they come to think about their work.
As Brad Bird… likes to say, "The process either makes you or unmakes you."
Katherine Sarafian… tells me she prefers to envision triggering the process over trusting it–observing it to see where it's faltering, then slapping it around a bit to make sure it's awake.
At too many companies, the schedule (that is, the need for product) drives the output, not the strength of the ideas at the front end.
The pressure to create–and quickly!–became the order of the day… and its unintended effect is always the same. It lessens quality across the board.
Also useful is the notion of 'The Beast', the part of your business that needs charts and numbers that go ever upward.
The Beast cannot be sated. It is one of life's cruel ironies that when it comes to feeding the Beast, success only creates more pressure to hurry up and succeed again. Which is why at too many companies the schedule drives the output, not the strength of the ideas.
This section caught my attention:
In December 2009, more than three years before the movie premiered in theaters, a dozen people from Pixar… flew east to visit MIT, Harvard, and Princeton. "Monsters University was to be one of the most prestigious campuses for scaring, so we wanted to visit big-name, old-world, prestigious schools"… They visited dorm rooms, lecture halls, research labs, and frat houses; they hung out on the campus lawns, ate pizza at dives that students frequented and took a lot of pictures and notes–"documenting everything, right down to the details of how pathways integrated into the quads and what the graffiti scratches looked like on the wooden desks." The finished film was loaded with these kinds of details… all of which gave audiences a feeling of reality.
Research trips challenge our preconceived notions and keep clichés at bay. They fuel inspiration. They are, I believe, what keeps us creating rather than copying.
This is something I'd like to try and work into my own processes. My work tends to be extremely insular, if I can work more with experts or visit locations related to the topic of my video, it might introduce some beneficial randomness into the information-gathering process.
You are not your idea, and if you identify too closely with your ideas, you will take offense when they are challenged.
Having a finite list of problems is much better than having an illogical feeling that everything is wrong.
Easy isn't the goal. Quality is the goal.
There is a bit of a weird creed passing around business circles about how amazing failure is. This is a good explanation of the process on a more individual level:
The better, more subtle interpretation is that failure is a manifestation of learning and exploration. If you aren't experiencing failure, then you are making a far worse mistake: You are being driven by the desire to avoid it.
Always take a chance on better, even if it seems threatening.
If you give a good idea to a mediocre team, they will screw it up. If you give a mediocre idea to a brilliant team they will either fix it or throw it away and come up with something better.
The above matches my (limited) personal experience in working with other people.
… copying what's come before is a guaranteed path to mediocrity, it appears to be a safe choice, and the desire to be safe–to succeed with minimal risk.